learning Korean


I have tried to once again throw myself into the deep realms of learning Korean. Now that I have many hours to myself, I have begun studying. Here are some helpful phrases for you. I honestly believe though, that the best way for me to learn is to write up scripts that use common survival language and have someone translate them for me…then practice them.
Key to abbreviations: frm = formal, inf = informal
English 한국어 (Korean)
Welcome 환영합니다 (hwangyong-hamnida)
Hello 안녕하세요 (annyeonghaseyo) – frm, 안녕 (annyeong) – inf
여보세요 (yeoboseyo) – on phone
How are you?

I’m fine, thanks.

어떻게 지내세요? (eotteohke jinaeseyo?)
안녕하셨습니까? (an nyeong ha siut seum ni ka?)
잘지내요 (jaljinaeyo)
Long time no see 오랜만이다 (orenmanida)
What’s your name?

My name is …

당신의 이름은 무엇입니까?
(dangsinui ireumeun mueosip nikka?) inf
성함이 어떻게 되십니까?
(sungham ee uttoke daesipnika?) frm
제 이름은 … 입니다 (je ireum-eun … imnida)
Where are you from?
I’m from …
어디서 오셨어요? (Eodiseo osyeosseoyo)
저는 … 에서 왔어요 (Jeoneun … eseo wasseuyo)
Pleased to meet you 만나서 반갑습니다 (Mannaseo bangapseumnida) [frm polite]
만나서 반가워요 (Mannaseo bangawoyo) [inf polite]
Good morning/
afternoon/evening
안녕하십니까 (annyeong hashimnikka)
Good night 안녕히 주무십시요 (annyonghi jumushipsiyo) – frm
잘자 (jal jja) – inf
Goodbye 안녕 (annyeong)
안녕히 계세요 (annyeonghi gyeseyo) – you are leaving
안녕히 가세요 (annyeonghi gaseyo) – you are staying
Good luck 행운을 빌어요 (haeng un eul bil eo yo) frm
행운을 빈다 (haeng un eul bin da) inf
Cheers/Good health! 건배 [乾杯] (geonbae) lit. “dry glass”, 위하여 (wihayeo)
Bon appetit 잘 먹겠습니다 (jal meokkesseumnida) – before a meal
잘 먹었습니다 (jal meogeosseumnida) – after a meal
맛있게 드세요 (masitkke deuseyo)
Bon voyage 잘다녀오십시오! (jalda nyeoo sip sio!)
I don’t understand 모르겠습니다 (moreugesseumnida)
Please speak more slowly 천천히 말씀해 주세요 (Cheoncheonhi malssuemhae jeseyo)
Please write it down 적어 주세요! (Cheogeo jeseyo!)
Do you speak Korean?

Yes, a little

한국말 하실 줄 아세요? (hangukmal hasil jul aseyo?) – frm
한국말 할 줄 아니? (hangukmal hal jul ani?) – inf
예, 조금요 (yae, jogeumyo) – frm
응, 조금 (eung, jogeum) – inf
How do you say
… in Korean?
… 를 한국말로 어떻게 말해요?
(… reul hangukmal-lo eotteoh-ge maraeyo?)
Excuse me 실례하겠습니다! (shillehagessumnida)
How much is this? 이게 얼마예요? (ige eolmayeyo?)
Sorry 미안합니다! (mianhamnida)
Thank you

Response

감사합니다 (kamsahamnida) – frm
고맙습니다 (komapsumnida) – inf
아니에요 (anieyo)
Where’s the toilet? 화장실이 어디예요? (hwajangsiri eodiyeyo)
I love you 사랑해 (sarang hae)
Leave me alone! 혼자 내버려 두십시오! (honja naebeoryeo dushipshio)
Merry Christmas
and Happy New Year
즐거운 성탄절 보내시고 새해 복 많이 받으세요
(jeulgeoun seongtanjeol bonaesigo saehae bok manhi bateusaeyo)
Happy Easter 행복한 부활절이 되시길 (haengpoghan puhwarcheori toesikir)
Happy Birthday 생일축하합니다 (saengil chukha hamnida)
One language
is never enough
한 가지 언어는 충분하지 못 해
(han gaji un u nun chung boon ha ji mot hae)
Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

w

Connecting to %s